The history of the irish potato famine of 1840s

Trevelyan would visit Ireland just once during all of the Famine years, venturing only as far as Dublin, far from the hard-hit west of Ireland. The corn meal itself also caused problems. Many people in Ireland became seriously ill by attempting to eat the corn without it having been ground down.

Long, where four people had lain dead for six days; and, upon arriving at the hut, the abode of Tim Harrington, we found this to be true; for there lay the four bodies, and a fifth was passing to the same bourne. Those who did often had nothing to plant. Then, adults could still remember when most of the poor raised oats, barley, or rye, along with beans and other green vegetables.

In between the lines, they piled a mixture of manure and crushed seashells then turned over the surrounding sod onto this, leaving the grass turned upside down.

This fitted in with the free trade approach of the time. One million died of starvation or the diseases associated with the famine and one million emigrated to North America or parts of England, such as Liverpool, and Scotland, such as Glasgow.

Because potatoes could not be stored longer than 12 months, there was no surplus to fall back on. All those who relied on potatoes had to find something else to The history of the irish potato famine of 1840s. Throughout the entire Famine period, the British government would never provide massive food aid to Ireland under the assumption that English landowners and private businesses would have been unfairly harmed by resulting food price fluctuations.

Therefore, they believed that the only people who could help the Irish were the Irish themselves. The whole issue was not helped by the majority of landlords in Ireland who showed no sympathy for those who worked their land.

Soon, the diminished size of these plots dictated the planting of potatoes as it was the only crop that could produce a sufficient yield of food on such limited acreage. Irish farmers, desperate for cash, routinely sold the grain to the British in order to pay the rent on their farms and thus avoid eviction.

After 168 Years, Potato Famine Mystery Solved

Elsewhere in the United Kingdom and on the continentconditions were not so harsh as to completely eradicate the basics of survival so as to require mass migration of the sort experienced in Ireland and Scotland. The average tenant farmer lived at a subsistence level on less than ten acres.

The Vicar sits while Mullins lies in the corner. By autumn, the potatoes were ready to be harvested, carefully stored in pits, and eaten during the long winter into the spring and early summer.

The Irish Famine

Many young Irish families saw their futures in America and not Ireland. This mixture should have been been added to salt and applied to the diseased area of the potato. With the population of the island rapidly increasing, widespread unemployment among laborers and majority of the population living in poverty, Ireland was on the verge of a disaster.

They also lived in a state of permanent insecurity with the possibility always looming they might be thrown off their plot. But problems arose as soon as the maize arrived in Ireland. Mills that did process the maize discovered the pebble-like grain had to be ground twice. The understaffed Board was quickly swamped with work requests from landowners.

During the summer hunger, women and children from the poorest families resorted to begging along the roadside while the men sought temporary work in the harvest fields of England. No one could foresee that its arrival was the first ingredient in a recipe that would simmer for years and produce a disaster: Over one million [5] emigrated from the Scottish Highlands, many assisted by landlords and the government, mainly to North America and Australiaand the event is seen as a continuation of the Highland Clearanceswith overtones of ethnic cleansing.

The small farmers suffered immediately. To the Irish, famine of this magnitude was unprecedented and unimaginable. Those who produced these vital products simply got a better price for them than in Ireland.

The appeals to the feelings and professional skill of my kind attendants here became truly heart-rending; and so distressed Dr. Tenants on neighbouring estates came to his land for help but Vaughn was swamped by the sheer numbers involved.

Great Famine

Famine had been common in Nineteenth Century Ireland and almost an occupational hazard of rural life in Ireland.

An Irish newspaper annouces the arrival of the blight September 13, At first, the potato seemed heaven-sent. Most of the Irish countryside was owned by an English and Anglo-Irish hereditary ruling class.

Scientists believe that the HERB-1 strain is now extinct. There were those who believed that the government in London had done as little as it could to help the Irish. Thus they reacted to the current food shortage as they had in the past by enacting temporary relief measures.

But the blight was here to stay and three of the following four years would be potato crop disasters, with catastrophic consequences for Ireland. A wide variety of commodities left Ireland even during the worst years of the famine. With far fewer people to work the land, it might be thought that landlords would be less harsh on their tenants as they had a vested interest in having their land worked.The short term cause of the Great Famine was the failure of the potato crop, especially in andas a result of the attack of the fungus known as the potato blight.

The potato was the staple food of the Irish rural poor in the mid nineteenth century and its failure left millions exposed to starvation and death from sickness and malnutrition.

More than a million Irish people--about one of every nine--died in the Great Potato Famine of the s. To the Irish, famine of this. Because Ireland was so dependent on the potato, one in eight Irish people died of starvation in three years during the Irish potato famine of the s.

Irish Potato Famine

Read more about the history of the potato famine at Access Excellence. The European Potato Failure was a food crisis caused by potato blight that struck Northern Europe in the mids.

History of the potato; Great Irish Famine; Highland Potato Famine; References. The Blight Begins: Part 3 of 8 at The History Place. The Blight Begins The Famine began quite mysteriously in September as leaves on potato plants suddenly turned black and curled, then rotted, seemingly the result of a.

The Great Famine, the Great Hunger; the Irish Potato Famine;an Drochshaol, [ənˠ ˈdˠɾɔxˌhiːlˠ], the Bad Life) was a period of mass starvation, disease and emigration in Ireland between and during which the .

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The history of the irish potato famine of 1840s
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