It was a theocracy; those who opposed the government, therefore, were opposing God, and those who opposed God must be punished accordingly; hence, when John Proctor, Giles Corey, and others spoke out against the trials, they were not just being accused of overthrowing the court, they were being accused of overthrowing God.
By refusing to relinquish his name, he redeems himself for his earlier failure and dies with integrity. In other words, one must be completely loyal to the theocratic government or he or she would be ripe for a witchcraft accusation.
Intolerance can be considered a theme in the drama because it is seen in different characters towards different characters. Miller incorporates this aspect of the period into the play through the character of Mr.
On the other hand, Miller moves beyond a discussion of witchcraft and what really happened in Salem to explore human motivation and subsequent behavior. In The Crucible, the townsfolk accept and become active in the hysterical climate not only out of genuine religious piety but also because it gives them a chance to express repressed sentiments and to act on long-held grudges.
Although Abigail enjoys being the chief witness of the court, her chief desire is to obtain Proctor, and she will do anything to bring this about, including self-mutilation and murder. A self-perpetuating cycle of distrust, accusation, arrest, and conviction emerged. As the number of arrests increased, so did the distrust within the Salem community.
There is intolerance shown even amongst the girls, themselves. The Puritans believed that the woods and the woodland inhabitants Indians or Native Americans belonged to the devil.
It is easy for the citizens to believe in their guilt. Hysteria supplants logic and enables people to believe that their neighbors, whom they have always considered upstanding people, are committing absurd and unbelievable crimes—communing with the devil, killing babies, and so on.
They believed it was their duty to fend off the evil forces which surrounded them. Nazi Germany, for example, stressed extreme nationalism and the inferiority of Jews; Stalinist Russia stressed the tenets of communism and the persecution of all those who opposed it; Middle East terrorist organizations promote militant Islam while seeking to destroy Christians and Jews.
Reading about the Salem witch trials and the paranoid frenzy going on at the time is one thing, but witnessing the trials first hand is quite another experience. Hysteria Another critical theme in The Crucible is the role that hysteria can play in tearing apart a community.
A crucible is a container made of a substance that can resist great heat ; a crucible is also defined as a severe test. The Puritans had no tolerance for inappropriate or unacceptable behavior and punished individuals publicly and severely if they transgressed.
This classic love triangle appears repeatedly in literature, not to mention the supermarket tabloids. Miller did make adjustments to the ages, backgrounds, and occupations of several of the individuals mentioned in the historical records, however.
Everything a citizen does is known by all.
He knows the trials are fraudulent, yet he withholds vital information in order to protect his reputation. For example, he lowers the age gap between John Proctor and Abigail Williams from sixty and eleven, respectively, to thirty-five and seventeen, enabling the plot line of an affair between the two.
Like Abigail, a hidden agenda guides Putnam, namely his greed for land.
In an environment where reputation plays such an important role, the fear of guilt by association becomes particularly pernicious. For example, there is automatic intolerance whenever someone, anyone, is accused of witchcraft.
The Crucible is divided into four acts; however, Miller does not include scene breaks within the play. The play continues to affect audiences by allowing them to see how dark desires and hidden agendas can be played out. The Putnams also seize opportunity. He, of course, is not the only one worried about reputation.
Private sins are punished publicly. The community of Salem is no different. The Royal Charter was revoked in and original land titles became invalid, creating a crisis of property rights.
In a town like Salem, an adulterous affair unleashes severe punishment and severe humiliation. Strict adherents in all these societies are able to act in such a manner because they believe they are doing good. Consider the immediate attitudes towards Tituba. Because of the theocratic nature of the society, moral laws and state laws are one and the same:Miller's title, The Crucible, is appropriate for the play.
A crucible is a container made of a substance that can resist great heat ; a crucible is also defined as a severe test. Within the context of the play the term takes on a new meaning: not only is the crucible a test, but a test designed to bring about change or reveal an individual's true character.
Intolerance. The Crucible is set in a theocratic society, in which the church and the state are one, and the religion is a strict, austere form of Protestantism known as Puritanism. Because of the theocratic nature of the society, moral laws and state laws are one and the same: sin and the status of an individual’s soul are matters of public concern.
CRUCIBLE INTRODUCTIONARY NOTES The crucible by Arthur Miller, is a play that deals with conflicts involved in the Salem witch trials of The characters in Miller’s theocratic society are not only in conflict with their environment, but with each other and their religious authority.
“Life, woman, life is God's most precious gift; no principle, however glorious, may justify the taking of it.” ― Arthur Miller, The Crucible. Some of the main dangers The Crucible serves as a warning of are mob mentality and the dangers of extremism.
Learn more about the themes in The Crucible, which can be easily applied to modern day situations. Arthur Miller’s powerful play The Crucible, written in response to the McCarthy hearings of the s, is a partially fictionalized dramatization of the Salem witch trials.
In the play, several young girls and a servant play in the woods, conjuring — or attempting to conjure — spirits from the dead.Download